The ECORKWASTE project (Integrated and sustainable management of byproduct from the cork industry generated in the cork industry) LIFE14 ENV / ES / 460 was approved in these cond half of 2015, under their feral program LIFE, which is a financing instrument of projects focused on the enforcement of Environment a land Resource Efficiency, and will be implemented from September 2015 to December 2018.
The project ECORKWASTE is aimed at demonstrating technical, environmental and economic feasibility of a byproduct from the cork industry valorization system, according to the size of byproduct from the cork industry particles. Byproduct from the cork industry of a certain particle size will be used as absorbent material in wetlands or for the elimination of organic compounds in winery wastewater treatment systems. Other byproduct from the cork industry, such as used cork stoppers, agglomerated cork waste and cork powder will be used as substrate for energetic valorization in a gasification process.
The project ECORKWASTE is aimed at demonstrating technical, environmental and economic feasibility of a byproduct from the cork industry valorization system, according to the size of byproduct from the cork industry particles.
ECORKWASTE takes into account the waste management priorities established by the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/CE) and also the waste management aims for a Resource-Efficient Europe and the 7th Environment Action Program. In addition, the main targets of Directive 1999/31/CE regarding the disposal of organic waste in landfills are also tackled.
Specific projective objectives are to:
- Demonstrate, at a pilot scale, an innovative hybrid constructed wetland system based on the use of byproduct from the cork industry as granular media, for the treatment and reclamation of agro-industrial wastewater (winery wastewaters). The constructed wetland will be set up on the grounds of cava producer CODORNIU. It will eliminate BDO5 and the cork waste will absorb the recalcitrant organic compounds (polyphenols) from the wastewater.
- Demonstrate, at a pilot scale, the use of byproduct from the cork industry as an adequate substrate for syngas production by gasification in fluidized bed.
- Reduce energy consumption of cork industries, by the generation of electricity through a gasification process. This will contribute to the implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC.
- Reduce water consumption in the winery industry, fostering potential re-use within the production system, while achieving higher effluent quality due to constructed wetlands implementation (Directive 2008/105/EC)
- Compare the innovative and sustainable wetland and gasification systems against alternative current practices using the same indicators.
- Disseminate ECORKWASTE results for ensuring reproducibility, marketability and maximum application of technologies developed within the project to other European experiences.
Actions and means involved:
- A thorough evaluation of the different policies and legislation affecting waste management, wastewater treatment and energetic valorization will be developed by UPC during ECORKWASTE project execution (A1).
- A detailed characterization of cork waste will be performed at the analytical facilities of the provider, ICSURO (A1). Other data about regional representative cork factories will also be provided by them.
- A detailed characterization and data collection of several wine industry wastewaters, specifically of Codorniu wastewaters, will be performed at the CTM laboratory (B1).
- At ICSURO facilities, an analysis of byproduct from the cork industry adsorption studies (batch and column) of selected contaminants will be performed to design the wetlands (B1).
- UPC will be the responsible to design and implement one small prototype and a pilot wetland system at Codorniu facilities. The small prototype and the wetland system will be operated almost during 1 year (B1, B3).This action will be supported by TYPSA.
- One gasification system will be designed, constructed and operated at the CTM facilities (B2, B4). TYPSA will be the responsible for this action.
- Determining both the amount and quality of syngas generated, as well as tar and ashes produced from the gasification pilot process, in order to evaluate the overall gasification performance (B4). TYPSA will be the responsible for this action.
- Several environmental and economic indicators based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and LifeCycle Cost (LCC) methodologies will be used to evaluate the sustainability of the technology and their extrapolation feasibility (B2, C1). CTM will be the responsible for this action.
- CTM will be the responsible for the monitoring of the technical, environmental and socio-economic impact of the proposed technologies (C1 and C2).
- INNOVI will foster dissemination campaign including the environmental problem targeted and the main objectives and results of the project to the general public, stakeholders and target groups. Several means will be used such as a project website, a Layman’s report, leaflets, social networks, open days, scientific conferences and journals, among others (D actions).
- UPC will be the responsible to appoint a project management structure in order to assure a correct implementation of the actions and contact and reporting to the Commission (E actions).